The François Jacob Institute of Biology brings together five departments and three services
The last two years in scientific news
Find our latest scientific news, as well as coming and past seminars and PhD defences.
Neurofibrillary tangles are large aggregates of tau protein found in the neurons of people with Alzheimer's disease. Historically, they have been thought to be at least partially responsible for the pathology. However, the results of a study performed by researchers at MIRCen (François Jacob Institute of Biology/CEA) suggest to the contrary that neurofibrillary tangles may be protective.
Researchers from NeuroSpin (Frédéric-Joliot Institute/CEA) and MIRCen (François Jacob Institute of Biology/CEA) recently developed an MRI-guided focused ultrasound system that increases, temporarily and locally, cerebral vascular permeability in non-human primates. The system could improve the delivery of medicines to the brain.
Carole Escartin, a researcher at the François Jacob Institute of Biology (IBFJ), has won the CNRS 2017 bronze medal. This medal rewards the first work of a researcher and represents an encouragement from the CNRS to pursue research that has already been productive.
Two French research teams have recently shown in a rodent model that overexpression of an enzyme capable of eliminating excess cholesterol in the brain can act in a beneficial way on the tau component of the disease to completely correct it.
The weekly MIRCen laboratory meeting is a particularly important time, at which external collaborators or students from the laboratory present their research projects.
Below is a list of speakers from external laboratories invited to speak at these meetings in the next few months.
If a PhD thesis is to be defended at the CEA at Fontenay-aux-Roses, it is possible to attend provided that a completed form is sent to the MIRCen secretary at least three days in advance.
PhD Student: Marianne Maugard.
Les patients atteints de la maladie d'Alzheimer ont des déficits du métabolisme cérébral du glucose une quinzaine d'années avant les premiers défauts cognitifs, suggérant que le métabolisme pourrait contribuer à la physiopathologie de la MA. Pour mieux comprendre les mécanismes qui relient le métabolisme énergétique et l'activité synaptique, nous nous sommes intéressés à la production de L-serine, une molécule dont la synthèse de novo dérive d'un intermédiaire de la glycolyse.
PhD Student: Séverine Maire.
Huntington’s disease (HD) is a genetic disorder caused by the expansion of a CAG repeat in the first exon of the Huntingtin gene (HTT). We propose to use trans-splicing to develop a gene therapy vector that will significantly reduce or eliminate the expression of the mutant protein while restoring a physiological level of normal HTT in cells affected by the HD mutation.
PhD Student: Jérémy Pépin.
Previous studies have shown that the metabolic profile measured in ¹H NMR spectroscopy can be altered in patients with Huntington's disease. Hypotheses involving defects in energy metabolism have been advanced to explain partially the pathophysiology of the disease. The metabolic actors could thus be biomarkers of interest. All of the results and methods implemented during this thesis show the potential of a promising MRI modality called CEST (Chemical Exchance Saturation Transfer) to identify potential biomarkers of neurodegenerative diseases.
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.