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The last two years in scientific news
In a study published in Cancer Letters, SRHI's researchers (CEA-Jacob) highlight the therapeutic value of targeting the HLA-G/IL2 immune checkpoint in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
In a study published in Science of the Total Environment, researchers from SIMoS (DMTS/CEA-Joliot), in collaboration with the Faculty of Pharmacy of Paris and MIRCen (CEA-Jacob) have shown for the first time in an animal model the capacity of Pinnatoxin-G, a marine neurotoxin, to cross physiological barriers to reach its molecular targets.
In a review published in Cell Metabolism, Gilles Bonvento (LMN/MIRCen/CEA-Jacob) and Juan P. Bolaños (IBFG/University of Salamanca) present the latest findings on astrocyte-neuron metabolic cooperation and how it affects brain function.
Dans le cadre d'une collaboration internationale, les chercheurs du Genoscope mettent en lumière de nouveaux organismes diazotrophes grâce aux données moléculaires et d'imagerie collectées par la goélette scientifique Tara entre 2009 et 2013.
A team of researchers from Inrae, Orleans University, the University of Oregon (USA), CEA-Jacob and IRD studied the role of epigenetics in drought tolerance in poplars. Their results, published in New Phytologist, suggest that epigenetic changes during droughts affect the genes involved in the tree's hormonal response to water deficits and may result in genetic mutations.
A team comprising iRCM (CEA-Jacob) and NeuroSpin (CEA-Joliot) researchers analyzed the consequences of irradiation on brain development and neurogenesis in a preclinical model. That work, published in Radiation Research, lays a path for the use of diffusion imaging for the early detection of neurological abnormalities resulting from different types of stress.
The institutes IRIG and Jacob of the CEA's Fundamental Research Division and CEA-List joined forces to participate in KATY, a European Horizon 2020 project aimed at creating an artificial-intelligence-powered personalized medicine program.
Every year, the foundation Vaincre Alzheimer lends its support to promising projects in the battle against Alzheimer's disease. Among the six chosen this year is that of Lucile Ben Haïm of the Neurodegenerative Diseases Laboratory (MIRCen/CEA-Jacob). Her project involves targeting astrocytes to treat depression symptoms associated with this progressive neurological disorder.
Read about the contributions of two François Jacob Institute of Biology laboratories in an article on human stem cells and their use in research published in the most recent edition of the journal L'Édition of Université Paris-Saclay. The article discusses the interest of stem cells for the development of novel disease models and potential therapies.
At the most-recent DIM ELICIT colloquium, Marco Mendoza, team leader at SysFate (UMR8030/Genoscope/CEA-Jacob), presented his project POSCOVD, financed by the special Fight-SARS-Cov2 call for projects. POSCOVD seeks to develop a large-scale COVID-19 screening methodology, building particularly upon high throughput sequencing technologies (Oxford Nanopore Sequencing).
On 12 December 2020, the schooner Tara set sail from Lorient, France, for a new two-year scientific expedition. The voyage will cover 70,000 kilometers in the South Atlantic, along the African and South-American coasts and on to Antarctica. The expedition's objective is to explore the oceanic microbiome and determine its future in the current era of climate change.Conceived by the Tara Ocean Foundation, the CNRS, the CEA and the EMBL¹, the mission will involve close to 200 scientists across 42 research structures—including Genoscope (CEA-Jacob).
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.