The François Jacob Institute of Biology brings together five departments and three services
The last two years in scientific news
Find here all the scientific news and highlights about the François Jacob Institute of Biology.
Scientists from the Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases (MIRCen/ François Jacob Institute of Biology) in collaboration with the Neurocentre Magendie (Inserm/University of Bordeaux) have highlighted the decisive role played by a metabolic pathway in memory disorders in Alzheimer's disease. Their work, published in Cell Metabolism, also shows that L-serine intake, in the form of a dietary supplement, restores the spatial memory that is affected early on in mouse models of the disease.
As part of an international partnership, a team from the Neurodegenerative Diseases Laboratory (MIRCen) has characterized the pathological effects of various alpha-synuclein aggregate strains in vivo. In their work, published in Acta Neuropathologica Communications, the researchers showed that the conformation of these aggregates plays a key role in their amplification and propagation in the brain.
An IRCM team (CEA/Inserm) has shown that exposure to low-dose ionizing radiation causes functional losses in human hematopoietic stem cells. Their results, published in Haematologica, suggest the need for complementary care during radiation therapy regimens.
In their work entitled Fastgenomics, the Dijon Bourgogne University Hospital, Inserm and the CEA's National Center of Human Genomics Research (CNRGH) studied a rapid high-throughput genome sequencing process in 30 hospitalized newborns. The team was able to reduce the time needed for this process from an average of 18 months to only a month and a half at most (38 to 49 days), thus enabling rapid diagnoses for two-thirds of the patients.
A new structure for aggregated alpha-synuclein has been determined at the atomic level using cryo-electron microscopy. The work, lead by a team from MIRCen's Neurodegenerative Diseases Laboratory, was published in the journal eLife. The determination of this previously undescribed structure opens new doors for the development of ligands specifically targeting alpha-synuclein aggregates in Parkinson's disease.
...or how finding the unique link may be a path toward curing gastric infections. In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers from LRIG (IRCM) identified a protein that is essential for an antibiotic resistance propagation pathway in the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.
...or how small amounts of oxygen contribute to the preservation of lymphocyte progenitors in humans. In an article published in Cell Reports, researchers from LSHL (IRCM) shared new findings on the role of hypoxia in human lymphocyte differentiation.
Researchers from MIRCen partnered with École Polytechnique, the CNRS, Inserm and LOB to develop combinatorial labeling techniques wherein color and 3D and high-resolution imaging are used to demonstrate astrocyte plasticity during cerebral cortex development.
CEA is a French government-funded technological research organisation in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. A prominent player in the European Research Area, it is involved in setting up collaborative projects with many partners around the world.